Reports | September 20, 2006 17:19

Milner-Barry and his Attack

[lang_nl]Vandaag is de honderste geboortedag van Philip Stuart Milner-Barry. Zijn naam schijnt verbonden te zijn aan 1.d4 Pf6 2.c4 e6 3.Pc3 Lb4 4.Dc2 Pc6, maar hij is natuurlijk vooral bekend gebleven vanwege de Milner-Barry Attack, een manier om het Indisch te bestrijden: 1.d4 Pf6 2.Pf3 g6 3.Pc3 d5 4.Lf4 Lg7 5.e3 O-O 6.Le2.[/lang_nl]

[lang_en]Today it's hundred years ago that Philip Stuart Milner-Barry was born. His name seems to have been attached to the line 1.d4 Nf6 2.c4 e6 3.Nc3 Bb4 4.Qc2 Nc6, but obviously he's still known because of the Milner-Barry Attack, a way to play against the Indian Defences: 1.d4 Nf6 2.Nf3 g6 3.Nc3 d5 4.Bf4 Bg7 5.e3 O-O 6.Be2.[/lang_en]

[lang_nl]Milner-Barry AttackDeze variant is vooral populair geworden dankzij de Britse grootmeesters Mark Hebden en Aaron Summerscale, die het allebei met wit spelen. De laatste besteedde er ook veel aandacht aan in zijn boek A Killer Chess Opening Repertoire (Everyman, 1998).

De theoretische voortzetting is 6...c5. Dr. John Nunn, die wel weet wat-ie moet doen in de openingsfase,?Ǭ†verloor hier echter twee keer mee van Mark Hebden, dus misschien is de zet die Kasparov speelde toen hij de Milner-Barry Attack ontmoette verstandiger: 6...Lg4. Tegen Hort, in 1988 in Keulen, ging het verder met 7.h3 Lxf3 8.Lxf3 c6 waarna zwart e7-e5 ging voorbereiden. Ziet er vrij solide uit. Ook Ye Jiangchuan gelooft in 6...Lg4; hij paste het succesvol toe tegen?Ǭ†Ian Rogers op de Olympiade in Calvia in 2004.

Milner-Barry overleed op 25 maart 1995. Bij Chessgames.com valt over hem te lezen: "A true amateur he worked in the British Civil Service and was never able to devote all his time to chess. He was part of the team that worked at Bletchley Park cracking the German Enigma codes and later was the Under-Secretary of the Treasury. He did, however, come 2nd at Hastings 1953, play on four English Olympic squads from 1937 to 1956 and was chess correspondent for The Times."

Kijk, dit Britse heerschap klinkt opeens een stuk interessanter! Even verder googelen brengt ons op het Churchill Archives Centre: "He was one of the senior code-breakers at Bletchley Park, 1940-45. He was Gordon Welchman's deputy at Bletchley Park and was primarily responsible for the vital "cribs" of Hut 6 and in 1943 he took over responsibility for Hut 6. On 21st October 1941, Milner-Barry along with Alan Turing, Gordon Welchman, Hugh Alexander wrote directly to Churchill to seek more staff for Bletchley Park. Milner-Barry delivered the letter personally to 10 Downing Street and Churchill gave them his support.

Milner-Barry had a lifelong interest and talent in chess - he was British Boy Champion, 1923 and also a member of the British International teams, 1937-61. He was playing chess for Britain in Argentina when war broke out, and worked as Chess Correspondent for The Times newspaper 1938-45. After the war he was Principal, HM Treasury, 1945, and became Assistant Secretary in 1947. He was Director of Organisation and Methods, Treasury, 1954-58, Director of Establishments and Organisation, Ministry of Health, 1958-60, and Under-Secretary, Treasury, 1954-66."

>> speel hier partijen na van sterke spelers die de Milner-Barry Attack op het bord kregen

>> een literatuurlijst over de Milner-Barry Attack is hier te vinden

>> het forum van Chess Publishing over de Milner-Barry

>> speel partijen van Milner-Barry zelf na[/lang_nl][lang_en]Milner-Barry AttackThis variation has become popular thanks to British grandmasters Mark Hebden and Aaron Summerscale, who both play it as White. The latter also treated it thoroughly in his book A Killer Chess Opening Repertoire (Everyman, 1998).

The theoretical recommendation is 6...c5. However, Dr. John Nunn, who quite knows what to do in the opening,?Ǭ†lost twice with this move against Mark Hebden, so perhaps a wiser idea consists in the move that was played by Kasparov when he met the Milner-Barry Attack on the board:?Ǭ†6...Bg4. Against Hort, in 1988 in Cologne, play continued with 7.h3 Bxf3 8.Bxf3 c6 after which Black started preparing ...e7-e5. Looks quite solid.?Ǭ†Ye Jiangchuan also believes in 6...Bg4; he used it succesfully against Ian Rogers at the Calvia Olympiad in 2004.

Milner-Barry died on March 25, 1995. At Chessgames.com?Ǭ†we can read about him: "A true amateur he worked in the British Civil Service and was never able to devote all his time to chess. He was part of the team that worked at Bletchley Park cracking the German Enigma codes and later was the Under-Secretary of the Treasury. He did, however, come 2nd at Hastings 1953, play on four English Olympic squads from 1937 to 1956 and was chess correspondent for The Times."

Well, that British gentleman now seems a lot more interesting! Googling a bit further brings us at the Churchill Archives Centre: "He was one of the senior code-breakers at Bletchley Park, 1940-45. He was Gordon Welchman's deputy at Bletchley Park and was primarily responsible for the vital "cribs" of Hut 6 and in 1943 he took over responsibility for Hut 6. On 21st October 1941, Milner-Barry along with Alan Turing, Gordon Welchman, Hugh Alexander wrote directly to Churchill to seek more staff for Bletchley Park. Milner-Barry delivered the letter personally to 10 Downing Street and Churchill gave them his support.

Milner-Barry had a lifelong interest and talent in chess - he was British Boy Champion, 1923 and also a member of the British International teams, 1937-61. He was playing chess for Britain in Argentina when war broke out, and worked as Chess Correspondent for The Times newspaper 1938-45. After the war he was Principal, HM Treasury, 1945, and became Assistant Secretary in 1947. He was Director of Organisation and Methods, Treasury, 1954-58, Director of Establishments and Organisation, Ministry of Health, 1958-60, and Under-Secretary, Treasury, 1954-66."

>> replay games by strong players who met the Milner-Barry Attack

>> a literature list about the Milner-Barry Attack can be found here

>> the Chess Publishing forum about Milner-Barry

>> replay games by Milner-Barry himself[/lang_en]

Peter Doggers's picture
Author: Peter Doggers

Founder and editor-in-chief of ChessVibes.com, Peter is responsible for most of the chess news and tournament reports. Often visiting top events, he also provides photos and videos for the site. He's a 1.e4 player himself, likes Thai food and the Stones.

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Comments

Theo (Weijers)'s picture

Millner-Barry's naam is ook verbonden aan een stukoffer in de c3-Siciliaan:
1e4 c5 2c3 d5 3exd5 Dxd5 4d4 Pc6 5Pf3 cxd4
6cxd4 e5 7Pc3 Lb4 8Le2!? e4 90-0 Lxc3 10bxc3 exf3 11Lxf3 .."is a dangerous piece sacrifice
which Sir Stuart analysed as a win for white"
(Murray Chandler)

Richard Vedder's picture

en het pionoffer 1 e4 , e6 2 d4 , d5 3 e5 , c5 4 c3 , Pc6 5 Pf3 , Db6 6 Ld3 , Ld7 7 0-0 is toch ook van Milner Barry?

Thijs's picture

Waar kan ik vinden hoe ik die c3-variant van het siciliaan uit zou kunnen spelen?

Ludo Tolhuizen's picture

Het pionoffer in het Frans is inderdaad het Milner-Barry gambiet.
Met de "Barry attack" heeft Milner Barry niets te maken, als ik Gary Lane moet geloven. In zijn boekje "Ideas behind modern chess openings"(Batsford, 2002) schrijft hij op pagina 137 uitgebreid over de oorsprong van de naam "Barry attack" en eindigt met "Indeed, the Barry is just English slang for a rubbish attack".

Matt's picture

I've just finished off expanding the biography of Stuart Milner-Barry at Wikipedia, if you wanted more information on him:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Stuart_Milner-Barry

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